Q-codes are used with Morse Code

sometimes you will even hear it talking to another Amateur


The Amateur Radio Q-Codes



Answer, Advice or Order


Will you indicate my exact frequency in kilocycles?

Your frequency is ... kc.


Does my frequency vary?

Your frequency varies.


How is the tone of my transmission?

The tone of your transmission is ...
1. Good.
2. Variable.
3. Bad.


Are you receiving me badly? Are my signals weak?

I cannot receive you. Your signals are too weak.


What is the legibility of my signals (1 to 5)?

The legibility of your signals is ... (1 to 5).


Are you busy?

I am busy (or busy with....). Please do not interfere.


Are you being interfered with?

I am being interfered with.


Are you troubled by static?

I am troubled by static.


Must I increase power?

Increase power.


Must I decrease power?

Decrease power.


Must I send faster?

Send faster ... (words per min.).


Must I send more slowly?

Transmit more slowly ... (w.p.m.).


Must I stop transmission?

Stop transmission.


Have you anything for me?

I have nothing for you.


Are you ready?

I am ready.


Must I advise ... that you are calling him on ... kc?

Please advise ... that I am calling him on ... kc.


When will you call again?

I will call you again at ... hours (on ... kc.).


By whom am I being called?

You are being called by ...


What is the strength of my signals (1 to 5)?

The strength of your signals is ... (1 to 5).


Does the strength of my signals vary?

The strength of your signals varies.


Is my keying correct? Are my signals distinct?

Your keying is incorrect; your signals are bad.


Must I transmit ... telegrams (or one telegram) at a time?

Transmit ... telegrams (or one telegram) at a time.


Shall I continue the transmission of all my traffic?

I can hear you between my signals. Continue: I shall interrupt you if necessary.


Can you acknowledge receipt?

I am acknowledging receipt.


Shall I repeat the last telegram I sent you?

Repeat the last telegram you sent me.


Can you communicate with ... directly (or through...)?

I can communicate with ... direct (or through...).


Will you relay to ...?

I will relay to ... free of charge.


Shall I send a series of VVV....?

Send a series of VVV.


Will you listen for ... (call sign) on ... kcs?

I am listening for ... on ... kcs.


Shall I change to ... kilocycles without changing the type of wave?

Change to ... kc. without changing type of wave.


Shall I send each word or group twice?

Send each word or group twice.


Shall I cancel nr ... as if it had not been sent?

Cancel nr ... as if it had not been sent.


Do you agree with my word count?

I do not agree with your word count; I shall repeat the first letter of each word and the first figure of each number.


How many telegrams have you to send?

I have ... telegrams for you or for ....


What is your position (location)?

My position (location) is ....


What is the exact time?

The exact time is ....



General call preceeding a message address to all amateurs and A.R.R.L. Members. This is in effect "CQ ARRL".



Official A.R.R.L. "land SOS." A distress call for emergency use



ARRL QN Signals for CW Net Use

QNA*--Answer in prearranged order.

QNB*--Act as relay Between ______ and ______.

QNC--All net stations Copy. I have a message for all net stations.

QND*--Net is Directed (controlled by net control station).

QNE*--Entire net stand by.

QNF--Net is Free (not controlled).

QNG--Take over as net control station.

QNH--Your net frequency is High.

QNI--Net stations report In.*. I am reporting into the net. (Follow with a list or traffic or QRU).

QNJ--Can you copy me? Can you copy ______?

QNK*--Transmit message for ______ to ______.

QNL--Your net frequency is Low.

QNM*--You are QRMing the net. Stand by.

QNN--Net control station is ______. What station has net control?

QNO--Station is leaving the net.

QNP--Unable to copy you. Unable to copy ______.

QNQ*--Move frequency to ______ and wait for ______ to finish handling traffic. Then send him traffic for ______.

QNR--Answer ______ and Receive traffic.

QNS*--Following Stations are in the net. *(Follow with list.) Request list of stations in the net.

QNT--I request permission to leave the net for ______ minutes.

QNU*--The net has traffic for you. Stand by.

QNV*--Establish contact with ______ on this frequency. If successful, move to ______ and send him traffic for ______.

QNW--How do I route messages for ______ ?

QNX--You are excused from the net.* Request to be excused from the net.

QNY*--Shift to another frequency (or to ______ kHz) to clear traffic with ______.

QNZ--Zero beat your signal with mine.

* For use only by the Net Control Station.

Notes on Use of QN Signals

The QN signals listed above are special ARRL signals for use in amateur cw nets only. They are not for use in casual amateur conversation. Other meanings that may be used in other services do not apply. Do not use QN signals on phone nets. Say it with words. QN signals need not be followed by a question mark, even though the meaning may be interrogatory.

International Q Signals

A Q signal followed by a ? asks a question. A Q signal without the ? answers the question affirmatively, unless otherwise indicated.

QRA--What is the name of your station?

QRG--What's my exact frequency?

QRH--Does my frequency vary?

QRI--How is my tone? (1-3)

QRK--What is my signal intelligibility? (1-5)

QRL--Are you busy?

QRM--Is my transmission being interfered with?

QRN--Are you troubled by static?

QRO--Shall I increase transmitter power?

QRP--Shall I decrease transmitter power?

QRQ--Shall I send faster?

QRS--Shall I send slower?

QRT--Shall I stop sending?

QRU--Have you anything for me? (Answer in negative)

QRV--Are you ready?

QRW--Shall I tell ______ you're calling him?

QRX--When will you call again?

QRZ--Who is calling me?

QSA--What is my signal strength? (1-5)

QSB--Are my signals fading?

QSD--Is my keying defective?

QSG--Shall I send ______ messages at a time?

QSK--Can you work breakin?

QSL--Can you acknowledge receipt?

QSM--Shall I repeat the last message sent?

QSO--Can you communicate with ______ direct?

QSP--Will you relay to ______?

QSV--Shall I send a series of V's?

QSW--Will you transmit on ______?

QSX--Will you listen for ______ on ______?

QSY--Shall I change frequency?

QSZ--Shall I send each word/group more than once? (Answer, send twice or ______)

QTA--Shall I cancel number ______?

QTB--Do you agree with my word count? (Answer negative)

QTC--How many messages have you to send?

QTH--What is your location?

QTR--What is your time?

QTV--Shall I stand guard for you ______?

QTX--Will you keep your station open for further communication with me?

QUA--Have you news of ______?

Abbreviations, Prosigns, Prowords

CW--Phone (meaning or purpose)

AA--(Separation between parts of address or signature.)

AA--All after (use to get fills).

AB--An before (used to get fills).

ADEE--Addressee (name of person to whom message addressed).

ADR--Address (second part of message).

AR--End of message (end of record copy).

ARL--(Used with "check," indicates use of ARRL numbered message in text).

AS--Stand by; wait.

B--More (another message to follow).

BK--Break; break me; break-in (interrupt transmission on cw. Quick check on phone).

BT--Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.

C--Correct; yes.

CFM--Confirm. (Check me on this).


DE--From; this is (preceding identification).

HH--(Error in sending. Transmission continues with last word correctly sent.)

HX--(Handling instructions. Optional part of preamble.) Initial(s). Single letter(s) to follow.

IMI--Repeat; I say again. (Difficult or unusual words or groups.)

K--Go ahead; over; reply expected. (Invitation to transmit .)

KN--Specific station answer only.

N--Negative, incorrect; no more. (No more messages to follow.)

NR--Number. (Message follows.)

PBL--Preamble (first part of message)

N/A--Read back. (Repeat as received.)

R--Roger; point. (Received; decimal point.)

SIG--Signed; signature (last part of message.)

SK--Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)

TU--Thank you.

WA--Word after (used to get fills.)

WB--Word before (used to get fills.)

N/A--Speak slower.

N/A--Speak faster.

N/A--There is no CW equivalent.



QRA - Station Name QRQ - Send Faster QSD - Keying Defective QSY - Changing Frequency
QRG - Exact Frequency QRS - Send Slower QSG - Number Messages QSZ - Send Words Twice
QRH - Frequency Drift QRT - Stop Sending QSK - Break In CW QTA - Cancel Message #
QRI - TX Tone QRU - Message For Me QSL - Acknowledge QTB - Word Count OK
QRK - Signal Intelligibility QRV - Ready To Receive QSM - Repeat Message QTC - Messages To Send
QRL - Are You Busy QRW - Calling (Name) QSO - Talk With QTH - Location
QRM - TX Noise QRX - Calling When QSP - Relay To (Name) QTR - What Time Is It
QRN - TX Static QRZ - Who Is Calling QSV - Send Series Of Vs QTV - Stand Guard
QRO - More Power QSA - Signal Strength QSW - TX On Frequency QTX - Available For QSO
QRP - Less Power QSB - Signal Fading QSX - Listen For On Freq. QUA - Have You News Of
AA - All After GA - Go Ahead - Resume OB - Old Boy TNX - Thanks
AB - All Before GB - Goodbye OM - Old Man TU - Thank You
AB - About GBA - Give Better Address OP - Operator TVI - Television Interference
ADR - Address GE - Good Evening OPR - Operator TXT - Text
AGN - Again GG - Going OT - Old Timer UR - Your or Yours
ANT - Antenna GM - Good Morning PBL - Preable VFO - Variable Freq. Oscillator
BCI - Broadcast Interference GN - Good Night PSE - Please VY - Very
BK - Break GND - Ground PWR - Power WA - Word After
BN - All Between GUD - Good PX - Press WB - Word Before
B4 - Before HI - CW Laugh R - Received OK WD - Word or Words
C - Yes HR - Here or Hear RCD - Received WKD - Worked
CFM - Confirm HV - Have REF - Refer To WL - Well or Will
CK - Check HW - How RPT - Repeat WUD - Would
CLD - Closing Station or Call LID - Inexperienced Person SED - Said WX - Weather
CUD - Could MILS - Milliamperes SEZ - Says XMTR - Transmitter
CUL - See You Later MSG - Message SIG - Signal or Signature XTAL - Crystal
CUM - Come N - No SKED - Schedule XYL - Wife
CW - Continuous Wave ND - Nothing Doing SRI - Sorry YL - Young Lady
DLD - Delivered NIL - Nothing For You SVC - Service 72 - QRP Best Regards
DX - Distance NR - Number TFC - Traffic 73 - Best Regards
FB - Fine Business NW - Now TMW - Tomorrow 88 - Love & Kisses